Sélection des textes et thèses fondamentaux du PCInternational - Selezione dei testi e tesi fondamentali del PCInternazionale - Selección de los textos y tesis fundamentales del PCInternacional - Selection of fundamental Texts and Theses of the International CP
The theses and the fundamental texts of the political current of the Communist Left which we have selected in this section of the site are the result of class battles undertaken in various historical periods.
To facilitate research and comprehension they are classified into historical periods, although not separated by any absolute limits, with various political and geohistoric characteristics due to the evolution of the class struggle with its revolutionary successes and counter-revolutionary defeats. Marxism reads and deciphers all the contradictions and interrelationships of social dynamics, of which political currents and parties, including the Communist Party of the proletariat, form a part, .
The "Communist Left" current was defined as "Italian", not from an insular parochialism but because the majority of its representatives from the period before the First World War until today have come from Italy; we have always regarded ourselves as substantially international.
The five periods which have shaped the political physiognomy of our current are as follows:
Theoretical, programmatic, policy and organizational origin and characterization of the "Italian" Communist Left: 1912 - 1926
Crisis and degeneration of the Communist International, advent of Fascism and the Second World War: 1926 - 1945.
Theoretical and programmatic restoration of Marxism, as the essential bases for the reconstitution of the International Communist Party, birth of the party: 1945 – 1957
Development and crises of the International Communist Party: 1958 - 1982
Explosive crisis, assessment and reconstitution of the party: 1982 and afterwards.
Throughout this long historical arc, the materials of our current were published in many newspapers and reviews, sometimes organs of parties, sometimes of fractions (factions) of those parties. These newspapers and reviews experienced the same vicissitudes as the parties and underwent all the after-effects of the political struggle between invariant marxist orientations and revisionist and opportunist orientations. If Marxist theory and the Party within the historical meaning of the term do not change in the course of time, the physical organization of the militants, the formal party, inevitably undergoes the ebbs and flows of the confrontations between the classes: it grows and develops at the time of the ascension of the proletarian movement, whereas it remains limited to a microscopic size or even disappears during the long periods of counter-revolution, before reappearing when the historical conditions again become favorable to the communist proletarian struggle.
The formal party can have the maximum of political capacity and constitute the best direction of the international proletarian movement only on the condition of respecting the most perfect coherence with the theoretical and programmatical orientations of Marxism. This is what happened with the Bolshevik party of Lenin in the crucial years of the Russian and international revolution, and this is for us a fundamental point as the materials which we present here show.
Theses and Texts:
Theoretical, programmatic, political, organizational and tactical origins and characteristics of the "Italian" Communist Left (1912-1926)
1. These of the Communist Abstentionist Faction of the Italian Socialist party (1920)
2. Theses on the Role of the Communist Party in the Proletarian Revolution (Adopted by the Second Congress of the Communist International – 1920)
3. Party and Class (1921)
4. Party and Class Action (1921)
5. The Democratic Principle (1922)
Crises and degeneracy of the International Communist advent of fascism and the imperialist World War II (1926-1945)
Theoretical and Programmatic Restoration of Marxism, essential basis for the reconstruction of the Communist Party and International birth of the party (1945-1957)
1. Force, Violence and Dictatorship in the Class Struggle (1946 – 1948)
2. Fundamental Theses of the party (1951)
3. Proletarian Dictatorship and Class party (1951)
4. The Fundamentals of revolutionary Communism (1957)
5. Marxism and Russia (1957)
Development and crises of the rebuilt International Communist Party (1958-1982)
1. Considerations on the Party's Organic Activity When the General Situation is Historically Unfavourable (1965)
2. Theses on the Historical Task, Action and Structure of the World Communist Party, according to the positions that have been the historical patrimony of the Communist Left for over half a century (Theses of Naples - 1965)
3. Terrorism and the Difficult Road to a General resurgence of the Class Struggle (1978)
Explosive Crisis, balance and reconstitution of the Party: 1982 and after
International Communist Party
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